CAPE TOWN Air Jordan For Sale , April 1 (Xinhua) -- South Africa had an estimated 6. 4 million people living with HIVAIDS in 2012, the highest prevalence in the world, according a survey released on Tuesday.

With over 400,000 new HIV infections occurring in 2012, South Africa ranks first in HIV incidence in the world, the survey finds.

The estimated overall prevalence of HIV increased from 10.6 percent in 2008 to 12.2 percent in 2012 Jordan Retro Shoes For Sale , according to the South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behavior Survey 2012.

The survey was officially launched by Minister of Science and Technology Derek Hanekom and Minister of Health Aaron Motsoaledi at a video conference in Cape Town.

HIV prevalence in the 15-49 year age group was 18.8 percent, but was significantly higher in females (23.2 percent) than in males (14.5 percent), says the survey.

The HIV incidence rates among women are of particular concern. The HIV incidence rate among female youth aged 15-24 years was over four times higher than for males in this age group (2.5 percent vs. 0.6 percent).

With a HIV incidence rate of 4.5 percent, black African females aged 20-34 years had the highest incidence of HIV among the analyzed population groups.

A noteworthy observation was the slight decline of HIV prevalence among youth aged 15-24 years from 8.7 percent in 2008 to 7.3 percent in 2012.

The increased prevalence of HIV in 2012 is largely due to the combined effects of new infections and a successfully expanded antiretroviral treatment (ART) program, shows the survey.

The availability and use of ART has increased survival among HIV-infected individuals Jordan Retro For Sale , according to the survey.

As a result of the country's successful Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) program, HIV infection levels also further decreased in infants 12 months and younger, from two percent in 2008 to 1.3 percent in 2012.

Another key finding of the survey was that over 2 million people were on ART by mid-2012, suggesting that the country is on its way towards universal access to treatment.

South Africa is currently implementing the largest antiretroviral treatment program in the world.

The significant increase of ART exposure in the country has had a major impact on the survival of people living with HIV.

"I am pleased to see that more people with HIV are living longer, because of the hugely expanded treatment program launched by the Government," said Principal Investigator Olive Shisana Jordan Shoes For Sale , CEO of the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), which conducted the survey.

"The disproportionately high HIV prevalence levels among females in the country, and high HIV prevalence in unmarried cohabiting people however, require a rethinking of conventional approaches of HIV prevention towards strategies that address the underlying socio-cultural norms in the affected communities," Shisana said.

Another concerning finding is that the majority of the respondents aged 15 years and older (76.5 percent) believed that they were at low risk of acquiring HIV infection.

Unfortunately, approximately one in 10 who believed they were at low risk for acquiring HIV infection was already infected but didn't know it. Furthermore Cheap Air Jordan Retro Shoes For Sale , the overall knowledge about how HIV is transmitted and prevented also declined from 30.3 percent in 2008 compared to 26.8 percent in 2012.

Attitudes of South Africans towards Persons Living with HIV (PLHIV), however, have improved considerably since 2008. This could partly be the result of the wider availability of ART in the country, as well as the fact that many people have been tested and know their HIV status.

The findings of the report underscores that while the country is on the right track with the provision of ART, national HIV counselling and testing (HCT) efforts, and greater access of PMTCT Cheap Air Jordan Retro For Sale , more other biomedical, behavioral, social, and structural prevention interventions are needed to reduce the high rates of new HIV infections, the HSRC said.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 11 (Xinhua) -- In her first testimony to the Congress Cheap Air Jordan Shoes For Sale , U.S. Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen reiterated central bank's plan to taper its stimulus exit despite recent weakness in the economy.

The current economic situation and outlook, as well as the monetary policy, were the main focus of the hearing held twice a year.

Yellen told lawmakers she expected "a great deal of continuity" in the central bank's monetary policy, saying that she served on the Fed policy-setting committee as the bank formulated its current policy strategy and she strongly supported that strategy.

Yellen, 67, took the oath of office to lead the Federal Reserve System on Feb. 3 Cheap Air Jordan For Sale , succeeding Ben Bernanke, who stepped down after eight turbulent years. She was previously the Fed's vice Chair.

In the public debut in her new role, Yellen said while the economy gained steam at the end of 2013, recovery in the U.S. labor market was "far from complete," underscoring the importance of considering more than just the unemployment rate when evaluating the conditions of the labor market.

Her point of keeping an eye on wider range of labor indicators is particularly important as the unemployment rate, now at 6.6 percent Cheap Jordan Retro Shoes For Sale , is near the 6.5 percent threshold the Fed once identified as the level that would need to be reached before officials would consider a hike in the interest rates.

"If coming information broadly supports the Committee's expectation of ongoing improvement in labor market conditions and inflation moving back toward its long-run objective, the Committee will likely reduce the pace of asset purchases in further measured steps at future meetings," Yellen indicated steady pullback in Fed stimulus, referring to the Federal Open Market Committee, which sets monetary policy.

While admitting she was "surprised" by the two recent jobs reports that showed the pace of job creation running under what s.